Chinese engineering and technology have developed rapidly since the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949. China has trained a large number of skilled engineers and technicians across a range of disciplines .These professionals have played a major role in the development of the national economy, in the continuous improvement of quality of life, and in the advancement of science and technology around the world.... More

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Electronic Engineering

What It Takes To Enter Electronic Engineering

Right now, the United States government claims that electrical/electronic engineering is the best form of engineering to enter. Electronic engineering is a branch of electrical engineering that deals with the development of electronic circuits used in many of today's electrical items from computers to appliances to vehicles. Those involved in electronic engineering must complete an accredited four-year college program. Most college programs allow students to focus their electives on specific branches of electrical engineering. So while you are gaining your electrical engineering education, take courses specific to electronic engineering if this is the field you wish to enter.

Students who are interested in the field of electronic engineering should be interested in science, math, and electricity. A standard college curriculum will focus heavily on these three items. While there are typical college requirements including four years of English/Writing/Literature, social sciences/history, and physical education, much of your time will be spent learning electronics and engineering principles. While in college, the science and math courses will include chemistry, physics, electricity, algebra, geometry, calculus, trigonometry, statistics, probabilities, and a few others. Providing you enjoy math and science geared curriculum, you will enjoy the courses offered in an electrical engineering program.

The job duties of electronic engineering professionals includes testing electronic equipment, reading technical drawings in order to assemble electronic units, developing electronic circuits, maintaining and calibrating electronic equipment, repair damaged circuitry boards, and offer support to employees as needed. Most electronic engineering professionals use soldering irons, voltmeters, multimeters, and voltage probes on a regular basis. Those involved in electronic engineering are also likely to use MATLAB, CAD, Microsoft Access, Visual Basic, Prentice Hall Electronic Workbench, ModelSIM, and Microsoft Excel on a regular basis. These programs may vary slightly depending on the preference of the electronic engineering firm for whom you work.

Civil Engineering

What You Need To Know About Civil Engineering

For years, civil engineering seemed to be in a sharp decline. Both state and federal governments seemed less inclined to spend money on roadways, bridges, and dams. Recent disasters with dam failures causing major flooding during Hurricane Katrina, the horrific bridge collapse in Minnesota, and sinkholes in major roads or highways have the governments in many areas realizing that it is time to ensure our roadways and bridges are safe. Workers within the field of civil engineering are trained to design, build, and inspect bridges, roads, dams, tunnels, and even help with airport runways. As more agencies turn to catching damaged bridges and roads before a catastrophe hits, the need for skilled civil engineering workers will increase.

Those interested in civil engineering must hold a four-year (bachelors) degree from an accredited college. Civil engineering requires skill with surveying land, creating blueprints of projects, troubleshooting weaknesses and offering corrections, and supervising the work done at project sites to ensure things are being done correctly. Those involved in civil engineering must enjoy the outdoors regardless of the weather, be quick to offer alternate solutions, and be able to read and create blueprints.

Civil engineers work on many projects. They may design a sewer system one day and then design a bridge the next. The use of computer CAD programs is usually involved, and some skill with technical drawings is required. Civil engineering requires strong math skills, especially with calculus, geometry, and algebra. Those involved in civil engineering must be able to adapt well to change and able to work with others. Civil engineering is a field in which many workers spend time together; it is not a field for the independent. Surveying is important to the job. Civil engineers must learn how to use GPS equipment, laser scanners, and other critical tools. They spend many hours determining ground slope, angles, and deviations along the way.

Computer Engineering

What is Computer Engineering

Computer engineering has become a popular field for seniors looking at their college options. Job demand is high, growth is expected to continue climbing, and salaries are far above the national average for new workers holding computer engineering degrees. If you are among the thousands considering gaining your computer engineering degree, you will most likely want to look at the best college programs in the nation for help in choosing the colleges to whom you apply.
Computer Engineering (also called Electronic and Computer Engineering or Computer Systems Engineering) is a discipline that combines elements of both Electrical Engineering and Computer Science. Computer engineers usually have training in electrical engineering, software design and hardware-software integration instead of only software engineering or electrical engineering. Computer engineers are involved in many aspects of computing, from the design of individual microprocessors, personal computers, and supercomputers, to circuit design. This field of engineering not only focuses on how computer systems themselves work, but also how they integrate into the larger picture.
Significant Points

  1. Computer software engineers are one of the occupations projected to grow the fastest and add the most new jobs over the 2006-16 decade.
  2. Excellent job prospects are expected for applicants with at least bachelor’s degree in computer engineering or computer science and with practical work experience.
  3. Computer software engineers must continually strive to acquire new skills in conjunction with the rapid changes that occur in computer technology.

Aeronautical Engineering Careers

Aeronautical Engineering Details

Aeronautical engineering requires a four-year college degree with many of the required courses revolving around engineering principles, advanced math, and science. If you are interested in aeronautical engineering, you should start preparing in high school by taking challenging courses in algebra, calculus, chemistry, physics, and trigonometry. Once you have entered the college setting, the courses become more advanced and tougher to pass, so you must be prepared to work hard. With aeronautical engineering, you will spend your work days designing, building, and/or testing equipment used in flight. This may include airplanes, helicopters, missiles, spacecraft, satellites, or even some military equipment.

Within the field of aeronautical engineering are many divisions. Those who have graduated with their aeronautical engineering degrees may opt to enter into model engineering, building and testing scale models of the aeronautical equipment other engineers have designed. Others may choose to be on the front lines creating the new aircraft or spacecraft. Once the plans are drawn up, other engineers like modeling engineers become next in the line of the test phase. When you attend an aeronautical engineering college, you will take courses that cover the entire field, but add to your education by adding electives that are linked to a specific division of aeronautical engineering.

Those involved in aeronautical engineering often work for large companies like NASA or Grumman. These firms are constantly seeking skilled engineers. Salaries are very generous and the benefits packages are some of the best in the U.S. The demand for aeronautical engineering is not as strong as it has been in past years, and this may decline if/when troops are pulled out. However, there are ongoing missions into space to find new life, so those who specialize in spacecraft usually have excellent job security. There are many colleges offering excellent programs, so be sure to take your time and research the tuition rates, course offerings, and student satisfaction scores closely before choosing your college.

Architectural Engineering

Learn About Architectural Engineering

With architectural engineering workers must be comfortable working with others. This is one of the most important aspects of the job because these architectural engineering engineers work closely with architects and building engineers to ensure a building is completed safely, can hold the weight of the materials used to build it, and will stand up to the earth's changing weather and small tremors. To understand what architectural engineering entails, you must understand the building process itself.

From the very start of any building project, an architect will create a blueprint of the building he or she wants erected. Architects are trained to study the surrounding area, come up with buildings that fit the local zoning laws and will blend with the landscape while using the land effectively. Once the blueprints are drawn, architectural engineering specialists take the blueprints and create CAD drawings of the building allowing them a three-dimensional view of the building. Architectural engineering professionals then calculate what materials should be used to create the building and calculate the building's total weight when they take materials, furnishings, and even the weight of people who will be within that building. Once they have the total estimated weight, architectural engineering workers take a look at the placement of the footings and main supports. They must place footings properly or a building could collapse. If adjustments need to be made, architectural engineering professionals will alter the architect's plans until they have a building that will stand tall even after the building is finished and fully furnished and packed with residents or workers.

Those involved in the architectural engineering industry then continually monitor the building process to make sure their guidelines are being followed. One minor change could lead to disaster in the future; so architectural engineering specialists are trained to make sure nothing changes without their approval.

Marine Engineering

A Career in Marine Engineering

The best place to earn your degree in marine engineering may well be by joining the Navy. There are many colleges who offer programs in this field, but the Navy's extensive program is not only the most affordable, it is also one of the most highly rated marine degree programs in the country. You will have to serve your country while in a naval course, but for many the trade off of an inexpensive college degree is well worth it. In a nutshell, marine engineering involves many items. Some marine engineering experts work on a ship designing and maintaining the ship's propulsion and engine systems. There are other marine engineering experts who design naval equipment or ships.

Marine engineering is closely related to mechanical engineering, as much of the job entails the creation or maintenance of mechanical equipment. The main difference is that marine engineering must take factors like the force of the tide or the damaging effects of salt water into consideration. For this reason, marine engineering is best thought of as a mix of mechanical and ocean engineering. Students interested in this field will successfully complete courses in CAD, calculus, chemistry, control engineering, electrical systems, electronic systems, engineering processes, hydraulic systems, naval architecture, pneumatic systems, and turbine engines.

Those involved in marine engineering must create watertight vessels that can stand the effects of gales, strong tides, and salt water. For this reason, it is advantageous to take courses in natural science, especially ocean science, as an elective. Once you are holding your degree, you are not limited to creating ships for the Navy. Major cruise lines like Carnival, Regency, Royal Caribbean, and Princess Cruises are regularly expanding their fleet of cruise ships and need skilled marine engineering

Mechanical Engineering

Careers in Mechanical Engineering

Physics and technical drawing are two of the most important classes you will take during a college program in mechanical engineering. Before you even enter a college or university degree program, you will find that acceptance review boards look closely at the courses you have taken in high school. If you struggled with advanced math options, physics, and chemistry, you will not look like a strong choice. Science and math are key components to gaining an engineering degree.

A college degree in mechanical engineering requires students to successfully complete courses in algebra, CAD, calculus, control theories, differentials, drafting, energy conversions, fluid dynamics, fluid mechanics, geometry, hydraulics, kinematics, manufacturing processes, pneumatics, statistics, and thermodynamics. Mechanical engineering is a complex program to study, but job demand and pay scales are excellent.

Typical starting salaries throughout the United States for new college graduates holding a mechanical engineering degree range from $50,000 to $55,000 per year. Working for the government leads to even higher salaries. Many of the salary scale ranges depend on the field one enters after earning their mechanical engineering degree.

Within the field of mechanical engineering are a number of specialties including: acoustical, aerospace, alternative energy, automotive, computer-aided, HVAC, nanotechnology, nuclear engineering, piping, power generation, and reverse engineering. Reverse engineering is not always considered for this list, but as the main job is disassembling items and figuring out how they were built so that manufacturing engineers can then take the CAD images and rebuild them, it really is a branch of mechanical engineering.

As you ponder you mechanical engineering degree options, remember that gaining special training within a specific branch of mechanical engineering can help you stand out to perspective employers. Keeping this in mind, you also should not narrow your field so tightly that you end up in a field where the demand for mechanical engineering is not quite as high.

Software Engineering

What about Software Engineering?

After considering software engineering as the career path of desire, you should take a look at the curriculum required by a number of colleges on your list. Software engineering can be a highly rewarding career, but it also requires insight and motivation to make it to the top of a salary scale. The one good thing about software engineering is that workers in the field do not always hold college degrees.

Software engineers design computer programs, maintain networks, and fix problems when required. For many, a strong interest in computers is all that is needed. Skills used in software engineering can be learned in a high school vocational program. Keeping this in mind, software engineers who hold a degree in computer engineering will receive far higher salaries than those without a college degree.

 A bachelor's degree in software engineering requires students to complete 57 hours of software engineering courses, 40 hours of science and math, 36 hours of liberal arts, 16 hours of computer science, 16 hours of engineering electives, 12 hours of specific program specialties (gaming software, business software, security software, etc.), 12 elective hours, 4 writing credits, and at least 2 physical education credits.

In the four years of this software engineering program, students take a variety of courses. The first year requires three computer science courses, calculus, writing, discrete math, liberal arts credits, and engineering statistics. In the second year, students will take software engineering, software subsystems, fundamentals of computers, computer science theory, physics, two elective science courses, communications, and two more art credits.

Petroleum Engineering

Benefits of Petroleum Engineering Careers

As a branch of chemical engineering, petroleum engineering is the specialty that is specifically involved in finding additional deposits of petroleum below the earth's surface. While chemical engineers search for measures needed to decrease our dependency on oil, petroleum engineers continually seek additional sources of oil that may yet to have been discovered. Petroleum engineering is one of the most highly demanded engineering job fields at this moment, and job growth is expected to continually increase for the next three years at least. Students interested in the field of petroleum engineering must have a strong aptitude for science, especially chemistry and physics. These are the two most important classes found in any petroleum engineering college program.

There are three main divisions in the realm of petroleum engineering. Drilling engineers set up the drilling process, creating safe ways to reach the oil under the ground without causing sinkholes. Production engineers in petroleum engineering work to draw the oil from the earth and then create the machinery needed to turn the oil into a usable form of gasoline, heating oil, etc. Reservoir engineers help increase production of oil and gas by locating the best spot for wells. All of these branches of petroleum engineering are important to the industry, but the do face opposition from environmentalists on a regular basis making it hard for them to do their jobs in some cases.

 The petroleum engineering curriculum requires college-level advanced math courses, fluid mechanics, materials science, thermodynamics, chemistry, physics, introduction to petroleum, economics, reservoir engineering, geology, well design, drilling, English, history, and physical education.


 Forensic Engineering

Forensic Engineer Information

When a product fails, forensic engineering comes into play. Forensic engineers are the men and women who work to prove or disprove that a product's failure led to accidents, injuries, and other issues that can lead to lawsuits. Forensic engineering is the most requested form of investigation after major explosions, fires, and other catastrophes that require immediate evaluation to find who is responsible. Those employed in forensic engineering spend long hours investigating things from explosions to gas build-ups, to holes or cracks in pipes, or to framing weaknesses or incorrect construction.

Think back to the major mine collapse back in the summer in which the mine owner claimed the mine collapsed due to an earthquake, and others claim poor safety practices and mine shaft deterioration was to blame. Men and women working for forensic engineering firms would have been the people to determine the true cause. Those working in the field of forensic engineering are skilled in digging deep to find the cause of calamities. They will dig through the rubble to find cracked beams, study charts with earth movement, or take measurements of gas levels to establish what the levels would have been at the time of a fire or explosion.

Men and women employed in forensic engineering will also handle tasks like finding out if a car’s tire ruptured because of incorrect inflation, high speeds, or product defects. The field of forensic engineering covers everything from accident reconstructions to carbon monoxide accidents to civil engineering issues (weaknesses with bridges, road design, etc.), or electrical failures, fire investigation, equipment failure, cracks in piping or plastic structures, and explosion causes.

A career in forensic engineering requires four years of college and usually relies on specialized knowledge in electrics, fires, gases, or vehicle structure. Forensic engineering firms usually hire a number of forensic engineers so that they have specialists to cover each sub-division of the forensic engineering field.